|The Global Prehistory Consortium at EURO INNOVANET|
|HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL BANDS OF WRITING ON MINIATURE RITUAL CONTAINERS FOUND IN HUNGARY AND ROMANIA AND FROM 7000 TO 6500 YEARS OLD.|
inscriptions of the proto-European script are often found completely
covering clay female figurines, votive offerings (sometimes ex-votos),
libation vases, miniature vessels, spindle whorls, seals, temple models
and loom weights, indicating they were developed in a religious context
The reorganization of religion and the invention of a script were basic elements of the long period of transition experienced by the populations of south-east Europe, of which many aspects are still unknown to us today. During this time, the nomad groups of hunters and gatherers began to disappear, giving way to crop-growing village-dwellers, although cities, kings and the state had not yet appeared. So that, alongside the appearance of writing, new religious concepts developed out of older traditions and cults by a kind of metabolic process. The elite used the sacred script also for guiding and controlling the peoples' sense of belonging to communities, where a strong egalitarian spirit still existed.( Merlini 2002a)
The religion of south-east Europe was above all the religion of "chthonic and lunar spiritual principles strongly related to female divinity. The images portrayed were impregnated with the richness of the earth and were as cyclical as the moon" (Gimbutas, 1991). The leitmotifs of the "sacred verses" inscribed or painted on cult objects consist of the different names, attributes, prerogatives and functions of female divinities. Therefore it was a sacred script, used when communicating with transcendental powers.
The proto-Balkan peoples were greatly in awe of the giving and nurturing of new life and produced texts whose central theme was the mystery of birth, death, and life-renewal; the life of humanity, but also that of the whole earth and cosmos. Writing, abstract symbols and images mostly referred to one or more feminine divinities who were harbingers of life, ruled over the afterlife and dispensed energy for regeneration; divinities who, like Mother Earth, were born, died and were regenerated in harmony with the seasons and the crops.