The Global Prehistory Consortium at EURO INNOVANET
- The karanovo seal- Temple model from Gradešnica - A cave near Sitovo

The Gradešnica plaque

Found in a sanctuary (perhaps), the Gradešnica plaque recalls a ritual, shallow vase 12.5 cm long. Discovered in Vraca (north-west Bulgaria), it dates back to the end of the eighth millennium and is bearing inscriptions on both sides.
On the outside, it reveals an anthropomorphic stylised figure in a ritual posture with arms raised, surrounded by a great quantity of triangular and V-shaped motifs.
The picture shows the inside of the Gradešnica plaque, bearing a long inscription divided into four horizontal segments; above each line there are three or four very different signs: the root-signs of the proto-European script crossed with religious symbols.


Gimbutas M., The Civilization of the Goddess, HarperCollins Publishers, 1991
Haarmann H., Early Civilization and Literacy in Europe. An Inquiry Into Cultural Continuity in the Mediterranean World, Berlino, New York, 1995.
Merlini M., Was Writing Born in Europe? Searching for a Sacred Script, Rome ( in preparation )
Winn, Shan M.M., Pre-writing in Southeastern Europe: The Sign System of the Vinca Culture ca 4000 BC, Western Publishers, Calgary, 1981.