model from Gradenica
this clay model of temple:
· facade, roof and walls are decorated with religious symbols and
· the architrave exhibits the characteristic M and W motives of
the Cassiopeia constellation,
· the columns framing the entrance have inscriptions vertically
inscribed and with single sins separated
The miniature temple comes from Gradenica (north-west Bulgaria)
and is 14,5 cm. high. Belongings to the Vinca culture. it was made at
the beginning of the seventh millennium.
The first temple models appeared 8,000 years ago and hundreds of them
have been found by archaeologists. They are often studded, like this one,
with symbols and inscriptions. The bust or mask of a goddess, her sacred
animal or a pair of horns often towered over the entrance or on the roof.
What did these mignon sanctuaries depict and what was their use? Maybe
they were votive offerings to the goddess of a particular temple or the
symbolic representation of a goddess. In this second cases the temple
models would be authentic idols on a par with the statuettes.
M., The Civilization of the Goddess, HarperCollins Publishers, 1991
Merlini M., Was Writing Born in Europe? Searching for a Sacred Script,
Rome (in preparation)