The Global Prehistory Consortium at EURO INNOVANET
 Deer house


This was the only one prepared. There are three sorts of pots. The postholes larger on the upper part show that the posts have been taking out and replaced with others (see fig. 11). In this case a trench (20-25 cm) was digging out and enlarges after the dimensions and location of the posts. For fix the posts, earth from the trench was mainly used (seldom stones or fragments of the plaster/adobes).


Fig. 11 a) WE view, posts of the N and W walls of the room b) EW view

When in the postholes we find uncrushed adobes, they come after the posts burned in the foundation and space is filled in time with materials from the upper levels. The big quantity of wood, wall and storey structures, can sustain big fires, with over 10000 C temperatures; these determine the vitreous aspect of the clay and its compounds (Ghergari L. et alii 1999; Lazarovici Gh. et alii 2002a). Big fires and the warming of the clay sustain the burning for a long time. Some times traces of the fires have been noticed on one side or on both sides of the walls. Many people speak about intentional firing of the houses. We can agree this hypothesis when we speak about the fire put by the enemies of one community. In this case in the houses, under the beds, in the sanctuary, in the garret, in big ovens big clay sling balls have been discovered. Might be also intentional fire, but these have to be proved. At Parta level 6 shows that all the settlement was burning; many clay sling balls have been found and the fortification system will be in use during level 5.


The floor of this house has eight levels, but only some of them have been investigated.


Fig. 12 a) preparing three levels of the  floor; b) detail structure; c) an unmanaged hearth

All the floors consist of yellow earth mixed with black one, small fragments of adobes and limestone (from the river bad, near the settlement). These floors have been well beaten, so a very smooth area has been obtained. This area sometime have been used as occasional hearth, or unmanaged hearth (fig. 12c); sometime they have organic material on the level. One floor level has 3 - 7 cm thick and stop 4-7 cm far from the basic postholes.


Fig. 13. Basic structure of the Deer House 

In phases 7b and 7a, seldom in 7c there are unmanaged hearths (fig. 12c: Lazarovici et alii 2001, pit houses of the level 7a, fig. 60), with traces of ashes and charcoal. From level 7b-6, because of the fire fear, rules were more strictly, and hearths with frame have been repair three-four times (ex. P17/43, P40 etc.)
The deer had might be located in two possible places: over the entrance, or on the lateral wall (fig. 14). Over the entrance (2005 variant) seems to be the best solution, here there were two pits and the beam structure coincide with the W wall of room B. Fl. Medelet, because of the asymmetric shape of the deer had suppose that it was another had too.
Based on postholes of the basic structure and floor remains (fig. 14b) we tried to reconstruct the size and location of the storey structure. Some problems still can not be solved: the corridor of the room B and if this has or not a storey.  Maybe next year enlargements on S and W will help us to solve this situation and better understand the mention problems.



Fig. 14a. Possible place of the storey and of the deer had
Fig. 14b.Storey from the E (middle) and N (right)

As we mention before, most of the room was destroy by a semi-subterranean medieval house and by M. Moga excavation. The exact dimensions will be established after the enlargements on S and W. Two levels of the floor have been investigated earlier (Gh. Lazarovici, Fl. Drasovean, Z. Maxim 2001, p. 146) and one in 2006.
In the area of the dividing wall there are some double postholes that suppose a structure for a higher roof. Here we do not find clay plastering, but we not exclude possibly that the storey was made only by wood.


We have investigated the storey and the ground floor.  Here, on the ground floor, close to the N wall an oven with four remakes and near the SE corner two anterior hearths have been identified. Traces of the E and S have been discovered. 
In 2005, we stopped our research on the N area on the mention oven and on an agglomeration. This last structure indicates a dwelling with a storey or with a suspended floor. 2006 season show that it was a dwelling with a storey. The W area was excavated by M. Moga. Storey ruins have over 40 cm thick, fact that might indicate two floors, or a floor and a wall. 


Fig. 15. House of the Deer, N area, rooms C and D



The basic structure of the E and W room consist of massif posts (20 cm in diameter) and the postholes were 30 - 40 cm, or larger. 


Fig. 16. Room C : a) wall tract; b) fragment of the wall on the margin of the floor storey 


Fig. 16c). Plaster on the post of the ground floor 
Fig. 16d) Postholes of rooms C and D

Some posts have been taking out, because the postholes show traces of being enlarged. We believe that the posts were tall until the pick of the roof (with four slopes, while the space for water passage was between the "block" of houses). Some double posts were situated interior from the wall, in the same pits that sustain the basic structure of the storey (postholes).
On the inner part of the ground floor, in some areas were the wall burned upraised, traces of beams have been discovered (fig. 15). Last two plastering were applied not only on the floor but partially on the wall (15 cm high), they show finger traces, as in other places (fig. 16). One plaster has traces of fire from the posts, the other from the inner house.


Fig. 17a. Ground floor and plasters from different reparations stages


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