Room D (in the middle of 2005 excavation) is
almost entirely investigated. About 1.50 m of it has been previously
investigated. Because of huge quantity of adobes, we stopped our
examination at this level (we covered the area with plastic and
earth in order to preserve it for the future excavation).
The garret or the attic
After removing the upper part of the ruins from level 5, we noticed
other strong ruins in the same room, one to the north and another
to the south (fig. 29). After this we discovered a floor over both
rooms. The higher part was related with the wall ruins fallen down
also in the interior.
At the level of the first ruins we discovered some plate fragments,
flat on both sides.
Casa Cerbului, room D: the first ruins, view from the west
The firing was from both directions (black in the middle when the
fragments are bigger; red, fired with a lot of oxygen, when are
smaller). Between these fragments of architectonic elements not
very well fired (fragments of door leafs or pedestals) were found.
Sometimes pot fragments have been discovered between these or on
top of these plates. These plates have fallen down on the ruins
of the lateral walls. We consider that they belong to the garret
The ruins of the store (the
walls and the floor)
The ruins of the store consist in wall fragments fallen down over
the pots or fired bones.
external part of the walls has only one or two clay plastering (internal
face of the walls has only the pillars and rod structure). On the
west wall, a pillar and its soldering fell down to the interior
and burned, indicating the direction of the pillar and of the wall
(see in fig. 29a, area marked „stâlp”).
Sometimes the walls are made of weaved rods; more often the pillars
are horizontally arranged, upright to the wall and only in few cases
oblique (fig. 43a). This last position is hard to prove, because
the fragments are so small in size (maybe they just fell down oblique).
Under the ruins of the walls many fragments of big pots were found.
The walls from the upper level are generally less fired, because
their structure consisting in pillars and rods did not offer enough
wood for a stronger combustion. Therefore the exterior clay plaster
is fired weakly, or just baked, having a yellowish color (fig. 29).
Most part of the upper level walls fell down in the interior; this
suggests a previous demolishing of the floor and their attraction
to the interior. These walls fell down with the pillars and rod
structure in the interior (on their exterior we noticed 2-3 strata
plastered with clay).
Fig. 29b. Casa Cerbului, room D, ruins from the wall;
from the north
We have investigated the way these pillar structures were burned
and preserved. We seldom find adobes fragments plastered with clay
on both sides. This suggests that when the wooden structure burned,
some parts of it were detached; or some parts have been detached
even before the burning. We can assume that these parts have only
been baked (baking is just a weaker burning) having a dusty aspect.
The window or the box from
In the southern part of room D, to the east, between the ruins of
the floor, an architectonic element was found. It seems to be an
oval window frame, afterwards closed up with a round clay plaster
structure (fig. 30a, 30b).
The oval curve is quite big. Nearby other fragments have been found.
The plastering process was applied when the structure was no loner
in use. We hope to have more information after the restoration of
Casa Cerbului, room D, architectonic element
The structure of the store
Casa Cerbului, room D, architectonic element
The upper level had a strong wooden structure, with split wood,
wide girders, or split girders. Judging by the found traces, in
some cases the girders were over 35 cm wide and 18-20 cm thick.
Because the girders or wooden was not quite right, in some cases
the empty spaces were filled with pillars from the girders (fig.
31) in order to protect the clay from the upper part. Based on the
wooden impressions it seems that they used a coniferous tree, as
well as very resistant wood.
On the margins of the floor, to the lateral walls, we found several
elbow fragments with finger traces. On the ground floor, these pieces
have been kept in their place (fig. 34, 38, 40).
Fragments of the floor plastered with clay are 25 - 35 cm thick,
especially when there are 3 – 5 clay strata, each 0.5 - 2 cm thick.
31. Room D, the structure of the store floor:
a) big girders; b) space between the girders filled with pillars
inferior part of the floor was not plastered with clay. When the
upper level burned the first to burn were the structures that sustained
it; so while the fire burns the upper level starts to fall down
slowly. Finally it falls down from less then 1 m. We can assume
this because in case of a fall from a superior height, the fragments
were spread over a large area. When the floor has several clay soldering,
the area is not burned, just baked, because of the worming of the
adobe. Sometimes even the upper part burned, especially in the edges
area, under the lateral walls.
Fig. 33. Casa Cerbului, room D. Floor plastered with 5 clay
strata; the upper ones, unburned
The northern wall
32. Room D, structure of the store floor
The northern wall from room B is the best-preserved one and has
the strongest wooden structure. On the western wall the wooden structure
was horizontally arranged. In such areas the wall was relatively
less destroyed, compared with the upright structure, that was much
more damaged. In the inner structure of the wall we can see traces
of wooden rods and pillars, arranged at 2-6 cm distance. Fragments
belonging to one or two big pots have been discovered (they have
been secondary burned). Big pots are dispersed over the area; some
of them contain bones.
34a. Room D, the northern wall, detail
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